The Organization-First Approach: How Programs Crowd Out Community

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Across the country those who work to make a difference in public life face a conundrum: just when leaders and organizations need to turn outward toward their community, intermediary organizations instead turn inward toward their organization and programs. This report, prepared for the Kettering Foundation by Richard C. Harwood, president of the Harwood Institute for Public Innovation, and John Creighton, a Harwood Institute senior fellow, documents this pull inward and the danger of allowing programs and professionalization to crowd out the community.

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Civil Society

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